Whether you plan on growing indoors or out, you need to know the best practices from seed selection to soil composition and irrigation to get the best results you need advice from the experts. We have years of experience and have researched the best methods for Western New York, please read on to find out more about all phases of pot farming from seed selection & germination to environmental settings to grow the best product.
1. Choose the best site for your garden
Whether growing indoors or out, consider the positives and negatives of your location. Growing your crop outside offers plenty of sunshine and rain but you will have to make sure your plants get the right amount of water and stay at the right temperature to grow strong. Indoors, you will have better control but will need to arrange irrigation and lighting systems to make your plants grow.
2. The right seeds or clones from the start
This is definitely the place to splurge on the best seeds you can afford. Buying the best genetically bred seeds or clones you can find from a reputable supplier will aid in growing a superior crop. Whether you want sassy Sativa, mellow Indica, or medicinal varieties high in CBDs, you need superior seeds to create a superior product. Seed Importers has over 400 quality seed varieties that will get your garden growing strong and your harvest of exceptional quality too.
3. One place where discrimination by gender is the best policy
Females produce the smokable bud, so obtain feminized seeds. A single male plant in your garden will pollinate the females, resulting in using all their energy to make seeds instead of wonderful sticky, resinous buds. Seed Importers supplies only feminized seeds.
4. Germination is a key element of great pot production
Properly germinating your marijuana seeds helps get your plants started toward good health. Germinating the seeds helps create a strong tap root it will need to get water and nutrients throughout its life. The easiest way to germinate marijuana seeds is to put them in a cup of water or wrap them in a damp paper towel till the tap root develops.
5. The optimal soil creates the environment for your pot plants
Ideally, loamy soil that drains well is best for your marijuana plants. add soil conditioners to dense clay or sandy soil to improve it as a growing medium. Indoors, you will have 100% control of the type of soil you use. Hydroponics is another option inside, but it requires a significant additional investment in equipment, supplies, construction, and ongoing maintenance.
There are 4 classes of soil: loam, clay, sand, and silt. Many soils combine two or more of these types in the natural world. Your yard and garden are the starting point for creating the optimal combination to grow luxurious pot plants. Sandy soil is loose and easy to work with, and it drains quickly. And while that means it won’t easily flood conversely it needs more frequent watering. It also tends to lack nutrients as they wash away with every watering. Silty soil holds natural minerals that are necessary for nourishing plants. This kind of soil tends to retain water well. But it is prone to ground compression, which can inhibit plant growth by constricting root expansion. Clay soil is loaded with minerals but tends to clump and can be difficult to work with. Clay also drains very poorly. That can produce problems with overwatering or during heavy rains. Loamy soil is composed of a rich mixture of clay, sand, and silt. If a patch of earth is loamy, it's full of nutrients and well-drained — perfect for growing your own crop of marijuana. While all these soils can grow good marijuana plants, loamy soils offer gardeners the best of all worlds. Loam is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay. This combination gives your weed plants the best characteristics of each of these soils.
So how can you tell these soil types apart? Simply pick up a handful and squeeze it. Clay will squeeze into a tight ball, while sandy soil will be hard to compact. Loam will become a loose ball before falling apart in big chunks.
Indoor planting is a little simpler with commercial potting soil already containing the appropriate balance of silt, loam, clay, and sand so you simply fill your planters and add seeds. The professional soil will drain well to prevent root rot and support good root growth as your crop flourishes.
6. What about fertilizer?
Like all plants, marijuana needs nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. It is best to use a 10-10-5 mixture during the growth stage followed by a 5-25-9 fertilizer during the flowering stage. Many cannabis growing supplies stores offer premixed fertilizers. As with water, avoid overdoing it.
7. Watering the garden
You will need to water your plants every couple of days. If your plants are outside, this schedule will vary depending on rainfall, air temperature, and wind conditions. A good rule of thumb is to water your plants when the soil feels dry on the surface. Yellow or drooping leaves may be a sign they need water. But take care not to overwater as that also causes leaf loss. You will have to learn this as you go as every garden is unique.
8. Ideal temperature range
For pot plants, this is anywhere between 60 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
9. Provide adequate airflow to prevent disease
Indoors, use fans and exhaust systems to circulate air and prevent mold or fungus. Outdoors space the plants with plenty of room between them to help prevent the spread of fungus and diseases.
If you are growing your plants indoors, a relative humidity level of about 40% to 50% is best. Measure the air in your grow room or tent with a hygrometer.